Breguet’s Pioneer Of Accurate Timepieces In The French National Naval Museum

The timepiece is a miracle. The movement of the hand expresses the passage of time, and the minute-to-second fluctuations are accurately calculated. Breguet has been passed down for more than two hundred years, and the pursuit of precision in timekeeping is the constant principle. Its founder, Abraham-Louis Boucher, has become a watchmaker of the Royal French Navy.
  The French navy aviation, commonly known as ‘Aéronavale’, celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2010. The French Naval Air Force hopes to share and commemorate this lucky and auspicious moment with Breguet, a long-established and internationally prestigious partner. Since the founder of the Breguet company, Abraham-Louis Breguet, was appointed as the watchmaker of the Royal French Navy in 1815, Breguet has been working closely with the Navy for nearly two centuries. , And constantly provide them with high-precision timepieces. By sponsoring the French National Naval Museum, Breguet promised to provide long-term support. The museum also opened a 90-square-meter area dedicated to the naval aviation field. Visitors can explore the importance of naval aviation here and visit shrinking aircraft carrier models, aircraft models, precision instruments and various historical witnesses, from the historical pioneers of aircraft carriers to today’s ultra-modern aircraft carriers.

  On October 27, 1815, Breguet was awarded the title of Royal Navy Watchmaker. This is a lifelong title that shows that Breguet has reached the standard of marine astronomical chronometers in terms of technology and precision. Inherited the business pioneered by John Harrison and other British watchmakers and continued by French counterparts Le Roy and Berthoud.
  In fact, in the previous 15 years, Breguet has successively produced more than ten marine astronomical ship clocks, but because the title of the Royal Navy watchmaker at that time still belonged to Louis Berthoud, he could not get an order from the military. Although one was delivered to the French Navy in 1818 and an eight-day powered marshal to the French Navy in 1819, it was not until 1820 that Breguet was officially delivered to the Royal Navy on order. In the same year, the French Navy increased its annual budget for the purchase of marine astronomical clocks to 3,000 francs; Breguet was also allowed to sell marine astronomical clocks to private buyers and commercial shipowners. From 1815 to 1823, the total sales of marine astronomical clocks and navigation watches reached 78 units, of which only 22 units were ordered by the Navy, 29 units were sold to carefully selected professional agents of Breguet, and the last 27 units were sold to Private clients, including powers around the world, including the Longitude Commission in London.

  After successively obtaining the title of Longitude Committee and Royal Navy Watchmaker, Emperor Louis XVIII also awarded Breguet a third honor: on March 21, 1816, Breguet was awarded a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences. Facing increasingly complicated social activities, Breguet cherishes the title of Royal Navy Watchmaker, and spares time to do some work for his marine astronomical ship clock. In 1817, in Brest, Breguet published a small book entitled ‘Guidelines for the Use of Marine Watches Made by Breguet’. This is the first manual in history to gather the knowledge and information of nautical astronomical ship clocks and guide people on how to use such clocks for navigation and how to make clocks operate normally during navigation.